Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Lupus Cerebritis

  • Elliot J. RothEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2221

Synonyms

CNS lupus

Definition

Lupus cerebritis is an important complication of systemic lupus erythematosus, characterized by cerebral vasculitis or inflammation of the blood vessels in the brain. This may result in stroke or other symptoms including headaches, seizures, psychosis, dementia, or peripheral neuropathy. Stroke occurs in 5–20% of all patients with systemic lupus. It is treated by the control of systemic lupus and by the use of anti-inflammatory medications such as steroids.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Jennekens, F. G., & Kater, L. (2002). The central nervous system in systemic lupus erythematosus. Part 1. Clinical syndromes: A literature investigation. Rheumatology (Oxford), 41(6), 605–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Muscal, E., & Brey, R. L. (2010). Neurologic manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus in children and adults. Neurologic Clinics, 28, 61–73.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA