Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Perfusion-Weighted Imaging

  • Elliot J. RothEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2194

Synonyms

PWI

Definition

Magnetic resonance perfusion-weighted imaging is a more sensitive method than conventional CT and MR imaging. While the latter can detect acute intracranial hemorrhage, they are not sufficiently sensitive to evaluate acute ischemic stroke immediately after it occurs.

Current Knowledge

Traditional scanning methods may initially be negative – for the first 24–36 h for CT and for the first 6–12 h for MR. Given that most new acute stroke therapies must be implemented during the first 3–4 h after onset, two important objectives of imaging are to define early and quickly the area of brain infarction and perfusion deficit and to identify any ischemic tissue that can be salvaged by medical, surgical, or endovascular therapy. Perfusion imaging is positive immediately following an acute stroke.

The difference between diffusion and perfusion abnormalities provides a measure of the ischemic penumbra or the brain tissue that has been injured but has reversible ischemia. This...

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References

  1. Albers, G. W., Thijs, V. N., Wechsler, L., Kemp, S., Schlaug, G., et al. (2006). Magnetic resonance imaging profiles predict clinical response to early reperfusion: The diffusion and perfusion imaging evaluation for understanding stroke evolution (DEFUSE) study. Annals of Neurology, 60, 508–517.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Campbell, B. C. V., Mitchell, P. J., Kleinig, T. J., Dewey, H. M., Churilov, L., et al. (2015). Endovascular therapy for ischemic stroke with perfusion-imaging selection. The New England Journal of Medicine, 372, 1009–1018.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Wintermark, M., Reichhart, M., Cuisenaire, O., Maeder, P., Thiran, J.-P., Schnyder, P., Bogousslavsky, J., & Meuli, R. (2002). Comparison of admission perfusion computed tomography and qualitative diffusion- and perfusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging in acute stroke patients. Stroke, 33, 2025–2031.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Wu, O., Koroshetz, W. J., Østergaard, L., Buonanno, F. S., Copen, S. A., Gonzalez, R. G., Rordorf, G., Rosen, B. R., Schwamm, L. H., Weisskoff, R. M., & Sorensen, A. G. (2001). Predicting tissue outcome in acute human cerebral ischemia using combined diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MR imaging. Stroke, 32, 933–942.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationNorthwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA