LACI; Lacunar stroke; Lacunar stroke syndrome (LACS); Lacune
A lacunar infarction is a small (less than 15 mm) deep subcortical area of brain damage, usually resulting from occlusion of the tiny (200–800 μ) deep penetrating lenticulostriate arteries that normally provide blood supply to the deeper subcortical brain tissues, such as the basal ganglia, internal capsule, thalamus, and brain stem.
It is thought that prolonged exposure to hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and other factors induces the processes of lipohyalinosis (small vessel disease of the brain) and microatheroma (tiny accumulations and swelling of artery walls that are comprised of cell debris, lipids, calcium, and fibrous tissue) in the small blood vessels that feed the subcortical areas, ultimately causing their occlusion. It is estimated that lacunar infarcts account for 25% of all ischemic strokes, with an incidence of approximately 15 per 100,000 per year. They are more frequent...