Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Intraventricular Hemorrhage

  • Elliot J. RothEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2185


An intraventricular hemorrhage is bleeding into the ventricles of the brain, where the cerebrospinal fluid normally circulates. It can be caused by trauma or spontaneously by hemorrhaging in stroke. It also is fairly common in premature infants of very low birth weight. It is found in up to one-third of all patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. In trauma patients, it is usually associated with brain contusion or intracerebral hemorrhage and therefore often carries a poor prognosis. In both trauma and stroke, it can cause hydrocephalus and elevated intracranial pressure, which are often manifested by changes in cognitive functioning, drowsiness, and headache. These require immediate treatment.


References and Readings

  1. Findlay, J. M. (2000). Intraventricular hemorrhage. Neurosurgery Quarterly, 10, 182–195.Google Scholar
  2. Naff, N. J. (1999). Intraventricular hemorrhage in adults. Current Treatment Options in Neurology, 1, 173–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationNorthwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA