Test of Memory Malingering
Effort testing; Malingering; TOMM
The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; Tombaugh 1996) is a well-validated effort test that is commonly used by neuropsychologists (Sharland and Gfeller 2007). The TOMM employs a forced-choice recognition paradigm using 50 black target stimulus items (line drawings). During the study phase, the subject is shown each drawing for 3 s. After presenting the 50 items, each drawing is presented along with a distracter drawing. The subject is asked to choose the drawing that was shown during the study phase. The 50 line drawings are then shown a second time (i.e., “Trial 2”), followed by another test phase in which they are paired with 50 distracter drawings. After approximately 15 min, a retention test is given in which the original 50 items are paired with distracters. Thus, the test comprises three components: Trial 1, Trial 2, and Retention. The Retention trial is considered optional if the examinee passes Trial 2 (raw score > 44).
References and Readings
- Constantinou, M., & McCaffrey, R. J. (2003). Using the TOMM for evaluating children’s effort to perform optimally on neuropsychological measures. Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section C, Child Neuropsychology, 9(2), 81–90.Google Scholar
- Donders, J. (2005). Performance on the Test of Memory Malingering in a mixed pediatric sample. Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section C, Child Neuropsychology, 11(2), 221–227.Google Scholar
- Iverson, G. L., Brooks, B. L., & Zakrzewski, M. J. (2005). Neuropsychiatric inpatients with dementia perform well on the TOMM. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 20, 882.Google Scholar
- Tombaugh, T. N. (1996). Test of memory malingering. North Tonawanda: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar