Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Angioplasty

  • Elliot J. RothEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2152

Synonyms

Coronary angioplasty; Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA); Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)

Definition

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive (nonsurgical) percutaneously performed clinical procedure used to dilate blood vessels narrowed or blocked by atherosclerosis. Historically, angioplasty was performed most commonly on the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. However, recent evidence indicates its effectiveness in improving cerebral circulation in patients with acute stroke. Angioplasty may be used to treat coronary artery disease, which often presents with persistent angina (chest pain) or a myocardial infarction (heart attack), cerebrovascular disease causing stroke or transient ischemic attacks, renal artery stenosis causing kidney dysfunction, and peripheral artery disease, usually in the blood vessel of the leg. During angioplasty, a stent is placed in the vessel to keep the...

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References

  1. Levine, G. N., Bates, E. R., Blankenship, J. C., Bailey, S. R., Bittl, J. A., Cercek, B., Chambers, C. E., Ellis, S. G., Guyton, R. A., Hollenberg, S. M., Khot, U. N., Lange, R. A., Mauri, L., Mehran, R., Moussa, I. D., Mukherjee, D., Nallamothu, B. K., & Ting, H. H. (2011). ACCF/AHA/SCAI guideline for percutaneous coronary intervention: A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions. Circulation, 124, 2574–2609.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA