Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Aneurysm

  • Bruce J. DiamondEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2151

Synonyms

Blood-filled dilatation

Short Description or Definition

An aneurysm is an abnormal blood-filled dilatation of a blood vessel that can occur in vascular innervated areas (Webster 2006). Cerebral aneurysms are generally located at arterial curvatures and bifurcations that are exposed to major hemodynamic forces (Kulcsár et al. 2011). Aneurysms generally develop due to trauma, infections, congenital defects, or degenerative diseases (Parkin and Leng 1993). Blood from a ruptured brain aneurysm can leak into the brain (i.e., hemorrhagic stroke). If blood leaks into the space between the brain and the thin tissues covering the brain, this type of hemorrhagic stroke is classified as a subarachnoid hemorrhage (Mayo Clinic Staff 2015). An aneurysm can also dissect, which is a split in one or more layers of the artery wall that causes bleeding into and along the layers of the artery wall (NIH 2011). The size and rate of growth of an unruptured cerebral aneurysm will affect signs and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Bonner, J. S., & Bonner, J. J. (1991). The little black book of neurology: A manual for neurologic house officers (2nd ed.). St Louis: Mosby-Year Book.Google Scholar
  2. Chalouhi, N., Ali, M. S., Starke, R. M., Jabbour, P. M., Tjoumakaris, S. I., Gonzalez, L. F., …, & Dumont, A. S. (2012). Cigarette smoke and inflammation: Role in cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture. Mediators of Inflammation, 2012, 271582.Google Scholar
  3. Furuichi, M., Shimoda, K., Kano, T., Satoh, S., & Yoshino, A. (2015). A case of brainstem hemorrhage following embolization of a large basilar aneurysm with hydrogel-coated coils. No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery, 43(9), 835–842.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hasan, D. M., Mahaney, K. B., Brown, R. D., Meissner, I., Piepgras, D. G., Huston, J., …, & International Study of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms Investigators. (2011). Aspirin as a promising agent for decreasing incidence of cerebral aneurysm rupture. Stroke, 42(11), 3156–3162.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kadasi, L. M., Dent, W. C., & Malek, A. M. (2013). Cerebral aneurysm wall thickness analysis using intraoperative microscopy: Effect of size and gender on thin translucent regions. Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, 5(3), 201–206.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Kamensky, J. (2015). Neurosurgical versus endovascular treatment of subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by ruptured cerebral aneurysm: Comparison of patient outcomes. Journal of Perioperative Practice, 25(3), 53–57.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Klisch, J., Sychra, V., Strasilla, C., Liebig, T., & Fiorella, D. (2011). The Woven EndoBridge cerebral aneurysm embolization device (WEB II): Initial clinical experience. Neuroradiology, 53(8), 599–607.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Ko, J. H., & Kim, Y. J. (2011). Oculomotor nerve palsy caused by posterior communicating artery aneurysm: Evaluation of symptoms after endovascular treatment. Interventional Neuroradiology, 17(4), 415–419.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kohyama, S., Kakehi, Y., Yamane, F., Ooigawa, H., Kurita, H., & Ishihara, S. (2014). Subdural and intracerebral hemorrhage caused by spontaneous bleeding in the middle meningeal artery after coil embolization of a cerebral aneurysm. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 23(9), e433–e435.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Kulcsár, Z., Ugron, A., Marosfőia, M., Berenteia, Z., Paálc, G., & Szikoraa, I. (2011). Hemodynamics of cerebral aneurysm initiation: The role of wall shear stress and spatial wall shear stress gradient. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 32, 587–594.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015). Brain aneurysm information page. Rochester: Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/brain-aneurysm/basics/definition/con-20028457. Updated 1 Sept 2015.
  12. NIH. (2011). National Heart Lung and Blood Institute aneurysm information page. Bethesda: NIH. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/arm. Updated Oct 2015.
  13. NINDS. (2015). NINDS cerebral aneurysm information page. National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke website. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/aneurysm/aneurysm.htm. Updated 23 Feb 2015; accessed 5 Mar 2016.
  14. Parkin, A., & Leng, R. C. (1993). Neuropsychology of the amnestic syndrome. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  15. Penn, D. L., Komotar, R. J., & Connolly, E. S. (2011). Hemodynamic mechanisms underlying cerebral aneurysm pathogenesis. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 18(11), 1435–1438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ropper, A. H., Brown, R. H., Adams, R. D., & Victor, M. (2005). Adams & Victor’s principles of neurology. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  17. Scholtes, F., Henroteaux, A., Otto, B., & Martin, D. (2015). Head trauma and distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm: Potential role of an adhesion to the falx. Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery, 76(1), 72–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Suzuki, M., Yoneda, H., Ishihara, H., Shirao, S., Nomura, S., Koizumi, H., …, & Inoue, T. (2015). Adverse events after unruptured cerebral aneurysm treatment: A single-center experience with clipping/coil embolization combined units. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 24(1), 223–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Walsh, M. E. (2014). The nose knows: An unusual presentation of a cerebral aneurysm. Journal of Emergency Medicine, 47(5), e113–e115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Webster. (2006). Webster’s new explorer medical dictionary (2nd ed.). Springfield: Merriam-Webster.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWilliam Paterson UniversityWayneUSA