Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Ruff Neurobehavioral Inventory

  • Ronald RuffEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2147




The Ruff neurobehavioral inventory (RNBI) is a self-report measure that captures an individual’s cognitive, emotional, physical, and day-to-day functioning both before and after a major injury or neuropsychiatric illness. The self-report measure is comprised of the following four global scales: (1) the cognitive global scale that is comprised of four subscales (attention and concentration, learning and memory, speech and language, and executive functions); (2) the emotional global scale that consists of six subscales (anger and aggression, anxiety, depression, paranoia and suspicion, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance abuse); (3) the physical global scale that includes three subscales (neurological status, pain, and somatic complaints); and (4) the quality of life global scale that captures five subscales (abuse, activities of daily living, psychosocial integration and recreation, vocation and finances, and spirituality). In addition, there are four...

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References and Readings

  1. Johansson, S., Weyer Jamora, C., Ruff, R. M., & Pack, N. (2008). A biopsychosocial perspective of aggression in the context of traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 22, 999–1006.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Murray, R. F., Asghari, A., Egorov, D. D., Rutkowski, S. B., Siddal, P. J., Soden, R. J., & Ruff, R. M. (2007). Impact of spinal cord injury on self-perceived pre- and postmorbid cognitive, emotional and physical functioning. Spinal Cord, 45, 429–436.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ruff, R. M. (1999). Discipline specific approach vs. individual care. In N. R. Varney & R. J. Roberts (Eds.), Mild head injury: Causes, evaluation and treatment (pp. 99–113). Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  4. Ruff, R. M., & Hibbard, K. (2003). Ruff neurobehavioral inventory: Professional manual. Odessa: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.San Francisco Clinical NeurosciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA