Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Positive Supports

  • Orlando SánchezEmail author
  • Martha Brownlee-Duffeck
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2121

Synonyms

Positive behavior interventions and supports; Positive behavioral supports

Definition

Positive supports is an empirically based and holistic approach that focuses on behavioral interventions to increase skills and improve quality of life, as opposed to suppress or punish undesired behaviors (AAIDD 2010; APBS 2015). The purpose is to teach appropriate behaviors with contextual factors in mind. Strategies are intended to change systems (e.g., family settings, classrooms, etc.) into environments that foster learning and positive functioning. The concept has its roots in applied behavioral analysis and is applicable to a wide range of populations including those termed “severely disabled” and those with traumatic brain injury (Ylvisaker and Feeney 2007; Sailor 2009).

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. (2010). Intellectual disability: Definition, classification, and systems of support (11th ed.). Washington, DC: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.Google Scholar
  2. APBS. Retrieved November 19, 2015., from http://www.apbs.org/index.html
  3. Sailor, W. (2009). Handbook of positive behavior support. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ylvisaker, M., & Feeney, T. (2007). Pediatric brain injury: Social, behavioral, and communication disability. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 18, 133–144.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Minneapolis VA Health Care SystemMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Harry S. Truman MemorialColumbiaUSA