Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Joel W. HughesEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2115


Stress management


Coping is responding to environmental stimuli, events, and circumstances for the purpose of minimizing or managing stress, solving problems, and modulating physiological and emotional responses. Coping is often paired with stress (as the latter elicits the former) in what has become the stress and coping literature associated with Richard Lazarus and Susan Folkman. Stress responses typically involve appraising the stimulus or event, which begins the process of assigning value (e.g., distressing) and determining responses (e.g., fight, flight, freeze). Coping is a process that follows stress appraisals, and coping responses seek to manage stress with cognitive, physiological, and behavioral responses. Various coping strategies have been categorized, such as appraisal-focused, problem-focused, or emotion-focused coping.


References and Readings

  1. Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. K. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 267–283.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKent State UniversityKentUSA