Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Inhibition

  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-HaynerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2092

Synonyms

Restraint; Sublimation; Suppression

Definition

The blockage of an action, thought, or process. Inhibition may describe conscious or unconscious limitation or restriction of behavior or response, or the blockage of a particular psychological process. Inhibition regulates between conscious and unconscious or instinctual behaviors and thoughts. In physiology, inhibition describes a specific motor or physiological response being prohibited or dampened such as a muscle movement, or it may focus on the ability to stop an effect of a binding ligand (neurotransmitter or hormone).

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Bélanger, S., & Belleville, S. (2009). Semantic inhibition impairment in mild cognitive impairment: A distinctive feature of upcoming cognitive decline? Neuropsychology, 23(5), 592–606.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Colzato, L., & Hommel, B. (2009). Recreational use of cocaine eliminates inhibition of return. Neuropsychology, 23(1), 125–129.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fisk, J., & Sharp, C. (2004). Age-related impairment in executive functioning: Updating, inhibition, shifting, and access. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, 26(7), 874–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Soriano, M., Jiménez, J., Román, P., & Bajo, M. (2009). Intentional inhibition in memory and hallucinations: Directed forgetting and updating. Neuropsychology, 23(1), 61–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA