Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Alcohol Dependence

  • Glenn S. AshkanaziEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2071

Synonyms

Alcoholism

Definition

This diagnosis no longer exists and has been replaced by “Alcohol Use Disorder” in DSM-5

As described in DSM-IV, alcohol dependence is a set of symptoms encompassing dysfunction in cognitive, behavioral, and physiological domains caused by continued alcohol use. A pattern of repeated alcohol ingestion exists, resulting in increasing amounts consumed in order to obtain the desired effect (i.e., tolerance) and characteristic symptoms if use is suddenly suspended (i.e., withdrawal). There is a perceived loss of control over drinking, exhibited by repeated failed attempts to decrease or quit drinking. Individuals may spend increasing amounts of time in drinking-related behaviors without being able to stop, despite being aware that drinking is causing, or exacerbating, psychological or medical problems. Cognitive consequences can include memory loss, difficulty performing familiar tasks, poor or impaired judgment, and problems with language.

Cross-References

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Clinical and Health Psychology ClinicCollege of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA