Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Clinical Practice Guidelines

  • Orlando SánchezEmail author
  • Martha Brownlee-Duffeck
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2066


Clinical guideline; Evidence-based guidelines; Individualized guidelines; Medical guideline; Practice guidelines; Practice parameters


The Institute of Medicine (IOM) revised its original definition of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) in 2011. According to this new definition, CPGs are “statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care that are informed by a systematic review of evidence and an assessment of the benefits and harms of alternative care options.” Systematic review of evidence was defined as “a scientific investigation that focuses on a specific question and uses explicit, prespecified scientific methods to identify, select, assess, and summarize the findings of similar but separate studies.” This two-part definition emphasizes the importance of (1) a thorough systemic research review carefully scrutinizing the strength of the evidence to then (2) us this evidence to device highly specific recommendations that, among other...

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References and Readings

  1. Eddy, D., Adler, J., Patterson, B., Lucas, D., Smith, K., & Morris, M. (2011). Individualized guidelines: The potential for increasing quality and reducing costs. Annals of Internal Medicine, 154, 627–634.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. IOM. (1992). In M. J. Field & K. N. Lohr (Eds.), Guidelines for clinical practice: From development to use. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  3. IOM (Institute of Medicine). (2011). Clinical practice guidelines we can trust. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  4. National Guideline Clearinghouse. (2013). Inclusion criteria. Retrieved 17 Nov 2015, from the National Guideline Clearinghouse Web site: http://www.guideline.gov/about/inclusion-criteria.aspx
  5. Rosenthal, M. B., Frank, R. G., Li, Z., & Epstein, A. M. (2005). Early experience with pay-for-performance: From concept to practice. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 294(14), 1788–1793.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.294.14.1788.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Welcome to G-I-N – Guidelines International Network. (n.d.). Retrieved 24 Nov 2015, from http://www.g-i-n.net/

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Minneapolis VA Health Care SystemMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Harry S. Truman MemorialColumbiaUSA