Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Therapist-Patient Relationship

  • Emilie Godwin
  • Ana MillsEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2057


Counseling relationship; Helping alliance; Therapeutic alliance; Therapeutic bond; Working alliance


The working relationship developed between the therapist and client within the context of therapy and in pursuit of therapeutic objectives and goals. While there are many components of the alliance, it can best be understood as a combination of the interpersonal relationship between the counselor and client, and the collaborative structuring of that relationship to meet the goals of therapy.

Current Knowledge


The relationship between the client and counselor has been a recognized essential component of counseling since the inception of psychotherapy, and was first described by Freud. In 1965, Greenson established the term “working alliance” to describe the components of the relationship that contribute to progress in therapy. Recent literature has focused on investigating the influence of the relationship on therapy outcomes. Research has established the...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA