Behavior management; Behavior modification
Behavioral therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on changing and gaining control over unwanted behaviors based upon the principles of classical and operant conditioning. It is useful in the treatment of depression, anxiety disorders, phobias, smoking cessation, weight loss, stuttering, enuresis, tics, and other medical conditions.
Attempts to help people solve behavioral problems through attempts that closely mirror today’s “behavioral therapy” have a very long history. It is based on the idea that all behaviors are learned and in the case of psychotherapy, these unhealthy behaviors can be changed.
Nineteenth-century British penal colonies used “token economies” to reinforce inmates for obeying prison rules. The early Romans used “aversive conditioning” (e.g., placement of “putrid” spiders in the glasses of alcohol abusers) in order to decrease problem drinking. Seventeenth-century French...
References and Readings
- Gelder, M. (1997). The future of behavior therapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice, 6(4), 285–293.Google Scholar
- Jacobs, H. (1993). Behavior analysis guidelines and brain injury rehabilitation: People, principles and programs. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Masters, J., Burish, T., Holton, S., & Rimm, D. (1987). Behavior therapy: Techniques and empirical findings. San Diego: Harcourt Press Jovanovich.Google Scholar