Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Eysenck Personality Inventory

  • Angela M. Bodling
  • Thomas Martin
  • Sangsun KimEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2025

Synonyms

EPI

Definition

The Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) is a self-report instrument designed to measure two central dimensions of personality, extraversion, and neuroticism. This instrument is comprised of 57 yes/no items and yields total scores for extraversion and neuroticism as well as a validity score (e.g., Lie Scale). Individuals are generally classified as “high” or “low” on the two dimensions. Persons high in extraversion are seen as social, carefree, and optimistic, while low scorers are generally quiet, introspective, and reserved. Individuals classified as high in neuroticism are prone to emotional distress/instability, while those low in this dimension are generally calm and emotionally stable.

Current Knowledge

Test Theory, Development, and Properties

The EPI was developed in 1964 based on a conceptualization of personality that identifies extraversion and neuroticism as the two primary and independent factors comprising the global construct of personality. The...

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References and Readings

  1. Bryant, R. A., & Harvey, A. G. (1998). Predictors of acute stress following mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 12(2), 147–154.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Chapman, B. P., Weiss, A., Barrett, P., & Duberstein, P. (2013). Hierarchical structure of the Eysenck Personality Inventory in a large population sample: Goldberg’s trait-tier mapping procedure. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 479–484.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. G. (1964). Manual of the Eysenck Personality Inventory. London: University of London Press.Google Scholar
  4. Francis, L. J., Brown, L. B., & Philipchalk, R. (1992). The development of an abbreviated form of the revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQR-A): Its use among students in England, Canada, the U.S.A. and Australia. Personality and Individual Differences, 13(4), 443–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kotov, R., Gamez, W., Schmidt, F., & Watson, D. (2010). Linking “big” personality traits to anxiety, depressive, and substance use disorders: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 136(5), 768–821.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Malec, J. (1985). Personality factors associated with severe traumatic disability. Rehabilitation Psychology, 30(3), 165–172.Google Scholar
  7. Wang, H. X., Karp, A., Herlitz, A., Crowe, M., Kareholt, I., Winblad, B., et al. (2009). Personality and lifestyle in relation to dementia incidence. Neurology, 72, 253–259.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela M. Bodling
    • 1
  • Thomas Martin
    • 1
  • Sangsun Kim
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Health Care QualityUniversity of Missouri—ColumbiaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Psychological SciencesUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA