Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Projective Tests

  • Edward E. HunterEmail author
  • Savannah J. Geske
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2006


Projective tests take a variety of formats yet consistently provide the individual an opportunity for free-response self-expression. The main purpose of projective testing is to assess personality functioning. Each projective test includes some type of unstructured stimulus materials, such as inkblots, pictures of people in social situations, or a blank piece of paper. The examinee is asked to provide some form of open-ended response, such as making up a story or drawing a picture, depending on requirements of the particular task. As such, there is a nearly unlimited range of possible responses the individual might make to the materials. These responses form the basis for the clinician’s interpretation of the examinee’s personality.

The Rorschach Inkblot Technique, the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), and projective drawing tasks are the most commonly administered projective techniques (Camara et al. 2000). The Rorschach (1942) consists of 10 vertically symmetrical blots...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA