Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Michigan Alcoholism Screen Test

  • Matthew P. MartensEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1995

Synonyms

MAST; Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST)

Description

The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST: Selzer 1971) contains 25 questions that are answered via a yes/no format. Example items include “Do you ever feel bad about your drinking,” “Have you ever neglected your obligations, your family, or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking,” and “Have you ever been arrested, even for a few hours, because of drunk behavior.” One of the unique aspects of the MAST is that “yes” responses are worth 1, 2, or 5 points, based on Selzer’s perception regarding the discriminatory power of the item (one item, assessing attempts to limit drinking to certain times of the day or places, is worth 0 points). For example, endorsing going to the hospital due to drinking is worth 5 points, whereas getting into a fight due to drinking is worth only 1 point. Selzer originally identified a score of 5+ as an indicator of an alcohol use disorder, but subsequent...

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References and Readings

  1. Crews, T. M., & Sher, K. J. (1984). Using adapted short MASTs for assessing parental alcoholism: Reliability and validity. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 16, 576–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Ross, H. E., Gavin, D. R., & Skinner, H. A. (1990). Diagnostic validity of the MAST and the alcohol dependence scale in the assessment of DSM-III alcohol disorders. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 51, 506–513.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Selzer, M. L. (1971). The Michigan alcoholism screening test: The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 1653–1658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Shields, A. L., Howell, R. T., Potter, J. S., & Weiss, R. D. (2007). The Michigan alcoholism screening test and its shortened form: A meta-analytic inquiry into score reliability. Substance Use and Misuse, 42, 1783–1800.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA