Mental Status Examination
The mental status examination (MSE) is a semi-structured interview that is often done during the initial meeting with the patient. It is the only formal procedure for assessing cognitive functioning during a psychiatric or neurologic examination (Fischer et al. 2004).
Appearance includes the patient’s dress, grooming, comportment, facial expression, eye contact and mannerisms.
Orientation concerns the patient’s awareness of time, place, and person.
Speech involves observations about content and delivery. The examiner attends to the rate, tone, articulation, and phrasing of the delivery. Grammar and articulation are also important as deviations (e.g., perseveration and dysnomia).
Thought processinvolves the characteristic thinking style of the patient (e.g., lucid and able to maintain the associative threads vs. thought disorder and mental...
- Alagiakrishnan, K., Zhao, N., Mereu, L., Senior, P., & Senthilselvan, A. (2013). Montreal cognitive assessment is superior to standardized Mini-Mental Status Exam in detecting mild cognitive impairment in the middle-aged and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. BioMed Research International, 2013, 186106.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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