Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale

  • Edward E. HunterEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1976




The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) (Overall and Gorham 1962, 1988) consists of a series of 18 items assessing the following psychiatric symptoms: somatic concern, anxiety, emotional withdrawal, conceptual disorganization, guilt feelings, tension, mannerisms and posturing, grandiosity, depressive mood, hostility, suspiciousness, hallucinatory behavior, motor retardation, uncooperativeness, unusual thought content, blunted affect, excitement, and disorientation. The instrument takes approximately 5–10 min to rate, following an interview with the patient. The clinician rates each item on a scale ranging from 1 (not present) to 7 (extremely severe). The inventory is geared toward severe psychopathology.

Current Knowledge

The BPRS continues to be a very commonly used instrument. Between 2013 and 2015, there were well over 300 articles cited in MedLine which employed the BPRS in clinical and experimental studies. Expanded versions of the BPRS have been...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA