Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale

  • Edward E. HunterEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1976

Synonyms

BPRS

Definition

The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) (Overall and Gorham 1962, 1988) consists of a series of 18 items assessing the following psychiatric symptoms: somatic concern, anxiety, emotional withdrawal, conceptual disorganization, guilt feelings, tension, mannerisms and posturing, grandiosity, depressive mood, hostility, suspiciousness, hallucinatory behavior, motor retardation, uncooperativeness, unusual thought content, blunted affect, excitement, and disorientation. The instrument takes approximately 5–10 min to rate, following an interview with the patient. The clinician rates each item on a scale ranging from 1 (not present) to 7 (extremely severe). The inventory is geared toward severe psychopathology.

Current Knowledge

The BPRS continues to be a very commonly used instrument. Between 2013 and 2015, there were well over 300 articles cited in MedLine which employed the BPRS in clinical and experimental studies. Expanded versions of the BPRS have been...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Cummings, K. R., Raman, R., & Thai, L. (2007). Quetiapine for agitation or psychosis in patients with dementia and parkinsonism. Neurology, 68, 1356–1363.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Devanand, D. P. (1998). A randomized, placebo-controlled dose-comparison of a trial of haloperidol for psychosis and disruptive behaviours in Alzheimer’s disease. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1512–1520.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Diaz, A. P., Schwarzbold, M. L., Thais, M. E., Hohl, A., Bertotti, M. M., Schmoeller, R., Nunes, J. C., Prediger, R., Linhares, M. N., Guarnieri, R., & Walz, R. (2012). Psychiatric Disorders and Health-Related Quality of Life after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Study. Journal of Neurotrauma, 29(6):1029–1037PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Dunayevich, E., Sethuraman, G., Enerson, M., Taylor, C. C., & Lin, D. (2006). Characteristics of two alternative schizophrenia remission definitions: Relationship to clinical and quality of life outcomes. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 86, 300–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lachar, D., Bailley, S. E., Rhoades, H. M., Espandas, A., Aponte, M., Cowan, K. A., Gummattira, P., Kopecky, C. R., & Wassef, A. (2001). New subscales for an anchored version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale: Construction, reliability and validity in acute psychiatric admissions. Psychological Assessment, 13, 384–395.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Mortimer, A. M. (2007). Symptom rating scales and outcome in schizophrenia. The British Journal of Psychiatry Supplement, 50, s7–14.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Overall, J. E., & Gorham, D. R. (1962). The brief psychiatric rating scale. Psychological Reports, 10, 790–812.Google Scholar
  8. Overall, J. E., & Gorham, D. R. (1988). The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS): Recent developments in ascertainment and scaling. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 24, 97–99.Google Scholar
  9. Picardi, A., Battisti, F., de Girolamo, G., Morosini, P., Norcio, B., Bracco, R., & Biondi, M. (2008). Symptom structure of acute mania: A factor study of the 24-item Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale in a national sample of patients hospitalized for a manic episode. Journal of Affective Disorders, 108, 183–189.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Samara, M. T., Leucht, C., Leeflang, M. M., et al. (2015). Early improvement as a predictor of later response to antipsychotics in schizophrenia: A diagnostic test review. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 617–629.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Tariot, P. N., Profenno, L. A., & Ismail, M. S. (2004). Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 65(Suppl 11), 11–15.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Woerner, M. G., Mannuzza, S., & Kane, J. M. (1988). Anchoring the BPRS. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 24, 112–117.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Zanello, A., Berthoud, L., Ventura, J., & Merlo, M. C. (2013). The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (version 4.0) factorial structure and its sensitivity in the treatment of outpatients with unipolar depression. Pssychiatry Research, 15, 626–633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA