Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Beck Anxiety Inventory

  • Amy J. StarostaEmail author
  • Lisa A. Brenner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1972


The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) (Beck et al. 1988; Beck and Steer 1993) is a 21-item inventory which identifies anxiety symptoms and quantifies their intensity. Respondents are asked to rate how much they have been bothered by each item over the past week, including today, on a four-point scale ranging from 0 (“not at all”) to 3 (“severely – I could barely stand it”). Items are summed, resulting in a total score ranging from 0 to 63, with higher scores representing greater levels of anxiousness (Table 1).
Beck Anxiety Inventory, Table 1

Anxiety categorization by score (Beck and Steer 1993)

Anxiety level





BAI score





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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Colorado DenverAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical CenterDenverUSA
  3. 3.University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical CampusAuroraUSA