Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Memory Assessment Scales

  • Mark A. SandbergEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_197




The Memory Assessment Scales (MAS) is an individually administered set of measures designed to evaluate memory functions in persons aged 18–70+. Introduced in 1991, it incorporates a battery of tasks, addressing three areas of cognitive functioning fundamental to the assessment of memory, namely, (1) attention, concentration, and short-term memory, (2) learning and immediate memory, and (3) delayed recall. Separate verbal and nonverbal tasks measure material-specific memory skill. The MAS includes a total of 12 subtests yielding subtest scores, which combine into three summary scores describing examinees’ short-term memory, verbal memory, and visual memory skills. A global memory scale score is computed as an aggregate summary of the visual and verbal memory indices. The measure in its entirety can be administered in 40–45 min.

Historical Background

According to the manual, the original design of the MAS emerged in 1981 from a review of relevant literature in...

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References and Readings

  1. Little, M. M., Williams, J. M., & Long, C. J. (1986). Clinical memory tests and everyday measures. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 1, 323–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Loring, D. W., Hermann, B. P., Lee, G. P., Drane, D. L., & Meador, K. J. (2000). The memory assessment scales and lateralized temporal lobe epilepsy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(4), 563–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. O’Bryant, S. E., Duff, K., Fisher, J., & McCaffrey, R. J. (2004). Performance profiles and cut-off scores on the memory assessment scale in a sample of TBI litigants. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 19(4), 489–496.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Zielinski, J. J. (1993). A comparison of the Wechsler memory scale – Revised and the memory assessment scales: Administrative, clinical and interpretive issues. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 24(3), 353–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuropsychology, Northport VA Medical CenterSmithtownUSA