Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Profile of Functional Impairment in Communication

  • Tamara BushnikEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1958




The profile of functional impairment in communication (PFIC) was designed to assess communication impairments following traumatic brain injury (TBI; Linscott et al. 1996). It consists of ten summary scales: logical content, general participation, quantity, quality, internal relation, external relation, clarity of expression, social style, subject matter, and aesthetics. Each summary scale is rated on a six-point scale ranging from zero (normal) to five (very severely impaired). The summary scales are not summed. In addition, there are 84 specific behavior items used to direct clinical care and intervention; these items assess the frequency of communication impairments from “not at all” to “almost always/always.”

The PFIC has been used in a few studies to characterize communication problems (Dahlberg et al. 2006) and treatment efficacy (Dahlberg et al. 2007) in individuals with TBI.

Current Knowledge

Reliability: Inter-rater reliability correlations are...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Dahlberg, C., Hawley, L., Morey, C., Newman, J., Cusick, C. P., & Harrison-Felix, C. (2006). Social communication skills in persons with post-acute traumatic brain injury: Three perspectives. Brain Injury, 20, 425–435.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Dahlberg, C. A., Cusick, C. P., Hawley, L. A., Newman, J. K., Morey, C. E., Harrison-Felix, C. L., et al. (2007). Treatment efficacy of social communication skills training after traumatic brain injury: A randomized treatment and deferred treatment controlled trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 88, 1561–1573.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Linscott, R. J., Knight, R. G., & Godfrey, H. P. D. (1996). The profile of functional impairment in communication (PFIC): A measure of communication impairment for clinical use. Brain Injury, 10, 397–412.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inter-Hospital Research and Knowledge TranslationRusk RehabilitationNew YorkUSA