Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Independent Living Scales®

  • Jessica FishEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1945




The ILS is a standardized, performance-based tool for assessing competence in activities necessary for independent living. It consists of a set of screening items (vision, reading, hearing, speech, signature, writing, and walking) and a further 68 items arranged according to five subscales: memory/orientation, money management, managing home and transportation, health and safety, and social adjustment. Performance on screening items is rated as “adequate” or “inadequate” but is not included in the total score. The 68 main items are scored according to competence on a 0–2 scale, with scores being summed to give five subscale scores and a total score. Two additional subscale scores (performance/information subscale and problem-solving subscale) can be derived from the same 68 items.

Current Knowledge

The ILS manual provides norms for people aged over 65 years, along with performance data from younger adults (17 years and above) with psychiatric disorders,...

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References and Readings

  1. Baird, A. (2006). Fine tuning recommendations for older adults with memory complaints: Using the independent living scales with the dementia rating scale. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 4, 649–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Loeb, P. A. (2003). The independent living scales (ILS). San Antonio: Pearson Assessment.Google Scholar
  3. Revheim, N., & Medalia, A. (2004). The independent living scales as a measure of functional outcome for schizophrenia. Psychiatric Services, 55, 1052–1054.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences UnitCambridgeUK