Impact on Participation and Autonomy Questionnaire
The IPA was developed by Cardol et al. (1999). It is a 39-item (or 41-item in the revised version) self-report measure encompassing the areas of mobility, self-care, household tasks and family roles, spending money, leisure, social relations, paid and voluntary work, education, and learning. Each has a set of questions associated with participation in that area, rated on a five-point scale, and a final question regarding the effect of disability on participation in that domain, rated on a three-point scale. Scores are derived for five domains, autonomy indoors, autonomy outdoors, family role, social relationships, and work/education.
The original version of the IPA was developed in the Netherlands, but it has since been translated into English, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Swedish, and Thai. It has been used in several patient groups, including spinal cord injury (SCI, Cardol et al. 2001), Parkinson’s disease (Franchignoni et al. 2007),...
References and Readings
- Karhula, M. E., Salminen, A. L., Hamalainen, P. I., Ruutiainen, J., Era, P., & Tolvanen, A. (2017). Psychometric properties of the Finnish version of the impact on participation and autonomy questionnaire in persons with multiple sclerosis. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 3, 1–11.Google Scholar