Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Glasgow Outcome Scale: Extended

  • Jerry WrightEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1940


Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale; GOSE


The Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE) was developed to address the limitations of the original Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), including the use of broad categories that can be insensitive to small, but meaningful, changes in function. The GOSE extends the original 5 GOS scores to 8 by dividing each of the three middle to upper GOS scores (severe disability, moderate disability, good recovery) into two new scores. The eight scores are dead, vegetative state, lower severe disability, upper severe disability, lower moderate disability, upper moderate disability, lower good recovery, and upper good recovery. Broad item categories are similar to the GOS: good recovery (able to live independently and able to return to work or school), moderate disability (able to live independently and unable to return to work or school), severe disability (able to follow commands and unable to live independently), persistent vegetative state...

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References and Readings

  1. Center for Outcome Measurement in Brain Injury. www.tbims.org/combi/gose
  2. Pettigrew, L. E. L., Wilson, J. T. L., & Teasdale, G. M. (2003). Reliability of ratings on the Glasgow outcome scales from in-person and telephone structured interviews. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 18, 252–258.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Wilson, J. T. L., Pettigrew, L. E. L., & Teasdale, G. M. (1998). Structured interview for the Glasgow outcome scale and the extended Glasgow outcome scale: Guidelines for their use. Journal of Neurotrauma, 15, 573–585.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Wilson, J. T. L., Pettigrew, L. E. L., & Teasdale, G. M. (2000). Emotional and cognitive consequences of head injury in relation to the Glasgow outcome scale. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 69, 204–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rehabilitation Research CenterSanta Clara Valley Medical CenterSan JoseUSA