Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale
Bristol ADL scale (BADLS); Revised Bristol activities of daily living scale (BADLS-R)
The Bristol ADL scale is an informant-rated measure that covers 20 ADLs, both basic and instrumental. Items are rated on a four-point scale (from totally dependent to totally independent, with an additional “not applicable” option).
The BADLS was developed specifically for use in people with dementia, as existing scales were felt to be insensitive to change in this group, having been designed for healthy older adults or people with physical disabilities. Initially, 22 items were included based on the rationale that they appeared in at least two existing ADL measures. Caregivers of people with dementia completed the questionnaire by mail, including feedback on the relevance and importance of the items and response options. Some modifications were made to the scale, with the next version incorporating different response options. Two items on which participants...
References and Readings
- Sikkes, S. A. M., de Lange-de Klerk, E. S. M., Pijnenburg, Y. A. L., Scheltens, P., & Uitdehaag, B. M. J. (2009). A systematic review of instrumental activities of daily living scales in dementia: Room for improvement. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 80, 7–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Woods, R. T., Bruce, E., Edwards, R. T., Hounsome, B., Keady, J., Moniz-Cook, E. D., et al. (2009). Reminiscence groups for people with dementia and their family carers: Pragmatic eight-centre randomised trial of joint reminiscence and maintenance versus usual treatment: A protocol. Trials, 10, 64.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar