Cingulate cortex; Subcallosal; Subgenual
The cingulate gyrus, first named by Burdach in 1822, was combined with the anterior olfactory region and hippocampus by Broca to form the ring of olfactory processing he termed the grand lobe limbique. Anatomic studies revealed extensive connections between the anterior thalamus, known to be associated with the hippocampus and hypothalamus, and the cingulate. In 1937, Papez combined these anatomic results with the clinical reports of emotional disturbances following lesions to the cingulate and other limbic structures to propose a mechanism of emotion based on a limbic circuit. For Papez, the integration of internal feelings and emotional responsiveness with the functions of the lateral cerebral cortex occurred in the cingulate. The limbic circuit of Papez however did not find anatomical evidence to support the closing connection of the cingulate to the hippocampus until 1975, when Shipley and Sørensen documented that the...
References and Readings
- Meyer, G., McElhaney, M., Martin, W., & McGraw, C. P. (1973). Stereotactic cingulotomy with results of acute stimulation and serial psychological testing. In L. V. Laitinen & K. E. Livingston (Eds.), Surgical approaches in psychiatry (pp. 39–58). Baltimore: University Park Press.Google Scholar
- Penfield, W., & Jasper, H. (1954). Epilepsy and the functional anatomy of the human brain. Boston: Little Brown.Google Scholar