Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Behavior Rating Inventory for Executive Function

  • Gerard A. GioiaEmail author
  • Peter K. Isquith
  • Robert M. Roth
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1881




The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) family of measures are rating scales designed to facilitate assessment of the behavioral manifestations of executive dysfunction in everyday environments such as home, school, and work. First published in 2000 as parent and teacher rating scales of executive function in children and adolescents, the family of measures has grown to include versions for assessing preschool children, adolescents’ self-report, and adults.

The original BRIEF consists of two forms, a parent questionnaire and a teacher questionnaire, designed to assess executive function behaviors in children and adolescents aged 5–18 years in home and school environments. It includes 86 items with 8 theoretically and empirically derived clinical scales measuring Inhibit, Shift, Emotional Control, Initiate, Working Memory, Plan/Organize, Monitor, and Organization of Materials. The BRIEF also includes two...

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Further Reading

  1. Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., & Guy, S. C. (2001). Assessment of executive functions in children with neurologic impairment. In R. J. Simeonsson & S. Rosenthal (Eds.), Psychological and developmental assessment: Children with disabilities and chronic conditions. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  2. Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Kenworthy, L., & Barton, R. M. (2002). Profiles of everyday executive function in acquired and developmental disorders. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 121–137.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., & Kenealy, L. (2008). Assessment of behavioral aspects of executive function. In V. Anderson, R. Jacobs, & P. Anderson (Eds.), Executive functions and the frontal lobes: A life span approach. Sussex: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  4. Gioia, G. A., Kenworthy, L., & Isquith, P. K. (2010). Executive function in the real world: BRIEF lessons from mark Ylvisaker. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25(6), 433–439.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Holmes-Bernstein, J., & Waber, D. (1990). Developmental neuropsychological assessment: A systemic approach. NeuroMethods, 17, 311–372.Google Scholar
  6. Isquith, P. K., Crawford, J. S., Espy, K. A., & Gioia, G. A. (2005). Assessment of executive function in preschool children. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disability Research Review, 11, 209–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Isquith, P. K., Roth, R. M., & Gioia, G. (2013). Contribution of rating scales to the assessment of executive functions. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 2(2), 125–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Isquith, P. K., Roth, R. M., Kenworthy, L., & Gioia, G. (2014). Contribution of rating scales to intervention for executive dysfunction. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 3(3), 197–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Malloy, P., & Grace, J. (2005). A review of rating scales for measuring behavior change due to frontal systems damage. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 18, 18–27.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Ransom, D. M., Burns, A., Youngstrom, E. A., Sady, M. D., Vaughan, C. G., & Gioia, G. A. (2016). Applying an evidence-based assessment model to identify students at risk for perceived academic problems following concussion. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 22(10), 1038–1049.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Roth, R. M., Isquith, P. K., & Gioia, G. A. (2014). Assessment of executive functioning using the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF). In S. Goldstein & J. A. Naglieri (Eds.), Handbook of executive functioning (2nd ed., pp. 301–331). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). Behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF). In A compendium of neuropsychological tests, administration, norms, and commentary (3rd ed., pp. 1090–1099). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerard A. Gioia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter K. Isquith
    • 2
  • Robert M. Roth
    • 3
  1. 1.Children’s National Medical CenterRockvilleUSA
  2. 2.Dartmouth Medical SchoolLebanonUSA
  3. 3.Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth / DHMCLebanonUSA