Katz Index of ADLs
The Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living is designed to assess functional status, specifically, the client’s ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) independently. Clinicians will typically use the tool to detect problems in performing activities of daily living to either predict future function and level of care or for treatment planning purposes. The index ranks adequacy of performance in the following six functions: bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, continence, and feeding. If no supervision, direction, or personal assistance is required, then 1 point is given to that functional activity. If the client requires supervision, direction, personal assistance, or total care, then a 0 is assigned to that functional activity. A total score of 6 indicates full function, 4 indicates moderate impairment, and 2 or less indicates severe functional impairment. Although the Katz Index was developed from observations of older adults after...
References and Readings
- Brosson, B., & Hulter-Asberg, K. H. (1984). Katz index of independence in ADL: Reliability and validity in short-term care. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 16, 125–177.Google Scholar
- Hartigan, I., & McAuley, C. (2009). A comparative review of the Katz ADL and the Barthel Index in assessing the activities of daily living of older people. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 2.3, 204–212. JOURNALS. Wiley InterScience, 16 Aug 2007. Web. 29 July 2009. www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118500995/abstractPubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Hulter-Asberg, K. H., & Sonn, U. (1988). The cumulative structure of personal and instrumental ADL: A study of elderly people in a health service district. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 21, 171–177.Google Scholar