Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Motor Assessment Scale

  • Sue Ann SistoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1843




The Motor Assessment Scale (MAS) is a performance-based scale that assesses everyday motor function in patients with stroke (Carr et al. 1985) and other neurological impairments. It is a task-oriented approach to evaluation that assesses performance of functional tasks rather than isolated patterns of movement (Malouin et al. 1994). It evaluates a patient’s ability to move with low muscle tone or in a synergistic or stereotypical upper motor neuron pattern and to move actively out of that pattern into normal movement.

The MAS items include position changes from supine to side lying and to sitting and from sitting to standing, balance, walking, upper arm function, hand movements, affected hand activities, and general tonus. Items in each of these categories can be scored on a 7-point interval scale except the general tonus item. The general tonus score is based on continuous observations throughout the assessment with a score of 4 indicating a consistently...

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References and Readings

  1. Carr, J. H., Shepherd, R. B., Nordholm, L., Lynne, D., Nordholm, & Lynne. (1985). Investigation of a new motor assessment scale for stroke patients. Physical Therapy, 65(2), 175–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  5. Sabari, J. S., Lim, A. L., Velozo, C. A., Lehman, L., Kieran, O., & Lai, J. S. (2005). Assessing arm and hand function after stroke: A validity test of the hierarchical scoring system used in the motor assessment scale for stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(8), 1609–1615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health Technology and Management Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA