Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Lawton-Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale

  • Jessica FishEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1842


Lawton-Brody iADL scale; Lawton iADL scale


The Lawton-Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (iADL) scale covers eight functional domains: using the telephone, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, transport, medication, and finances. Competence is rated according to descriptions of the person’s level of involvement/ability in each activity (e.g., for using the telephone, four levels of competence are described: operates telephone on own initiative, looks up and dials numbers, etc.; dials a few well-known numbers; answers telephone but does not dial; does not use telephone at all). It should be administered by a researcher or practitioner with relevant qualifications, with ratings derived from interview, which should take between 10 and 15 min. Activities in which a person has never participated are excluded (e.g., males are not assessed on laundry, meal preparation, and housekeeping if their wife has always taken responsibility for these...

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References and Readings

  1. Graf, C. (2008). How to try this: The Lawton instrumental activities of daily living scale. American Journal of Nursing, 108, 52–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Lawton, M. P., & Brody, E. M. (1969). Assessment of older people: Self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. The Gerontologist, 9, 179–186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Sikkes, S. A. M., de Lange-de Klerk, E. S. M., Pijnenburg, Y. A. L., Scheltens, P., & Uitdehaag, B. M. J. (2009). A systematic review of instrumental activities of daily living scales in dementia: Room for improvement. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 80, 7–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Vittengl, J. R., White, C. N., McGovern, R. J., & Morton, B. J. (2006). Comparative validity of seven scoring systems for the instrumental activities of daily living scale in rural elders. Aging and Mental Health, 10, 40–47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences UnitCambridgeUK