Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Rankin Scale

  • Jessica FishEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1829


mRS; Modified Rankin scale


The modified Rankin scale (mRS) consists of six levels of classification that describe the degree of disability in stroke survivors (see Table 1 for classification). Ratings should be made by trained observers to ensure the accuracy of classifications. This training can be completed online, and for those not involved in clinical trials, this training and certification is free of charge. For those involved in clinical trials, however, payment must be made. Training is available in several languages. See http://www.rankinscale.org/ for training-related information in several languages and Quinn et al. ( 2007) for a description of the training program. Please see Broderick et al. ( 2017) for a review of the mRS.
Rankin Scale, Table 1

The modified Rankin Scale




No symptoms at all


No significant disability despite symptoms. Able to carry out all usual duties and activities


Slight disability. Unable to carry out all previous...

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References and Readings

  1. Broderick, J. P., Adeoye, O., & Elm, J. (2017). Evolution of the modified Rankin scale and its use in future stroke trials. Stroke, 48, 2007–2012. Epub 2017 June 16.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  8. Wilson, J. T. L., Hareendran, A., Hendry, A., Potter, J., Bone, I., & Muir, K. W. (2005). Reliability of the modified Rankin scale across multiple raters: Benefits of a structured interview. Stroke, 36, 777–781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences UnitCambridgeUK