Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment

  • Michelle Marie Tipton-BurtonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1817




The Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA) battery – second edition. The LOTCA is a battery that provides an initial profile of the cognitive abilities of the brain-injured individual (TBI) stroke. It can also be used with SCI, dementia, central nervous system dysfunction, and learning disabilities. The tool was developed in Israel; however, it is frequently used in the United States. The battery takes 30–45 min to administer. It is used to assess if the patient can carry out everyday tasks.

The current edition (second) is divided into six main areas: (1) orientation, (2) visual perception, (3) spatial perception, (4) motor praxis, (5) visuomotor organization, and (6) thinking operations. The battery contains 26 subtests including the Riska Object Classification (ROC) (Williams and Allen 1985), which was added to enhance the evaluation of the categorization operation. This revised edition includes four major changes from the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Cermak, S. A., Katz, N., McGuire, E., Greenbaum, S., Peralta, C., & Maser-Flanagan, V. (1995). Performance of Americans and Israelis with cerebrovascular accident on the Lowenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment(LOTCA). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 49(6), 500–506.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Golden, C. (1984). Rehabilitation and the Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological battery. In B. A. Edelstein & E. T. Conture (Eds.), Behavioral assessment and rehabilitation of the traumatically brain-damaged (pp. 83–120). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Katz, N., Itzkovich, M., Averbuch, S., & Elazar, B. (1989). Lowenstein occupational therapy cognitive assessment (LOTCA) battery for brain-injured patients: Reliability and validity. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 43(3), 184–192.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Luria, A. R. (1980). Higher cortical functions in man (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1964). The early growth of logic in the child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  6. Su, C. Y., Chen, W. L., Tsai, P. C., Tsai, C. X., & Su, W. L. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Loewenstein occupational therapy cognitive assessment – 2nd edition in Taiwanese persons with schizophrenia. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61(1), 108–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Williams, R. L., & Allen, C. K. (1985). Research with a nondisabled population. In C. K. Allen (Ed.), Occupational therapy for psychiatric diseases: Measurement and management of cognitive disabilities (pp. 315–338). Boston: Little Brown.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Medicine and RehabilitationSanta Clara Valley Medical CenterSan JoseUSA