Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Health Assessment Questionnaire

  • Tamara BushnikEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1812


HAQ; Stanford HAQ


The Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) (1978) provides a comprehensive assessment of patient health outcome, as well as a means of longitudinal tracking of health-care outcomes (Bruce and Fries 2003a). It consists of five generic health dimensions: avoidance of disability, freedom from pain and discomfort, avoidance of adverse treatment effects, maintenance of low treatment costs, and postponement of death. Two formats are available. The two-page HAQ captures information on three scales: the HAQ Disability Index (HAQ-DI), the HAQ visual analog (VAS) pain scale, and the VAS patient global health scale. The full HAQ also collects information on drug toxicity data, direct cost data, and mortality-related data.

The HAQ is typically self-administered but can be given over the telephone or by interview in a clinical setting using trained interviewers. The two-page HAQ can be completed in about 5 min; the full HAQ takes between 20 and 30 min.


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References and Readings

  1. Bruce, B., & Fries, J. F. (2003a). The Stanford health assessment questionnaire: A review of its history, issues, progress, and documentation. Journal of Rheumatology, 30, 167–178.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bruce, B., & Fries, J. F. (2003b). The Stanford health assessment questionnaire: Dimensions and practical applications. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 1, 20–26.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ramsey, D., Fries, J., & Singh, G. (1996). The health assessment questionnaire 1995 – Status and review. In B. Spilker (Ed.), Quality of life and pharmacoeconomics in clinical trials (2nd ed., pp. 227–237). Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven.Google Scholar
  4. Ramsey, D., Fries, J., Singh, G., & Lane, N. (1998). Outcome assessment in osteoarthritis (OA): WOMAC or HAQ? Arthritis and Rheumatism, 41(Suppl: S223), 137. http://aramis.stanford.edu.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inter-Hospital Research and Knowledge TranslationRusk RehabilitationNew YorkUSA