Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hyperbaric Therapy

  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-HaynerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1779

Synonyms

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT)

Definition

Hyperbaric therapy is a treatment using 100% oxygen at greater than normal atmospheric pressure. Once the hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen, the blood becomes hyperoxygenated by dissolving oxygen within the plasma, body tissues, and fluids up to ten times the normal concentration. Since the oxygen is in solution, it can reach areas where red blood cells may not be able to pass and oxygenate areas of impaired hemoglobin concentration or function. Although still controversial, hyperbaric therapy is used to treat atherosclerosis, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, diabetic ulcers, wound healing, cerebral palsy, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, macular degeneration, and so on.

Cross-References

References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA