Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Helen M. CarmineEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1756


Antipsychotic medications; Atypicals (antipsychotics); Conventional antipsychotics; High-potency/low-potency groups of antipsychotics; Neuroleptics; Standard antipsychotics


Antipsychotic agents are used for the treatment of psychotic disorders, severe mental illnesses, and mood/behavior disorders not responsive to other medication/behavioral interventions. Broader application/often “off-label” are used to address thought/behavior disorders in various populations including adults with dementia, traumatic brain injury, developmental disorders with behavioral symptoms unresponsive to other treatments, and individuals with depression who are not responsive to antidepressant therapy alone. Specifically in TBI populations, according to B.C. McDonald et al. (2002), neuroleptics agents may have a role in individuals whose cognition and behaviors are disorganized and who are agitated. Another study by Ahmed and Fuiji (1998) identified that individuals who have a brain...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ReMedPaoliUSA