Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • John C. Courtney
  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1719

Generic Name


Brand Name



Conventional Antipsychotic.

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Blocks Dopamine-2 receptors.


Schizophrenia, nonpsychotic anxiety.

Off-Label Use

Other psychotic disorders, bipolar mood disorder.

Side Effects


Rare neuroleptic malignant syndrome, agranulocytosis, seizures, and increased cardiovascular risks in elderly adults.


Dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, decreased perspiration, decreased libido, hypotension, extrapyramidal symptoms, Parkinsonism, tardive dyskinesia, and hyperprolactinemia.

References and Readings

  1. Physicians’ desk reference (71st ed.) (2017). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software. www.epocrates.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Socorro Mental HealthPresbyterian Medical ServicesSocorroUSA
  2. 2.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA