Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Boston Process Approach

  • Shahal RozenblattEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_167




Born out of the work of A. R. Luria (e.g., Higher Cortical Function in Man, 1966), the Boston process approach (BPA) to neuropsychological testing is a method of exploring the patient’s approach to a task and the process involved in attaining a specific test score (Loring 1999). Its aim is to provide a more accurate characterization of neuropsychological function and dysfunction and the nervous system components involved (Kaplan 1988; Strauss et al. 2006).

Current Knowledge

According to Edith Kaplan (1988, 1990), the “achievement”-oriented approach to assessment, where performance is based on the scores obtained on a particular test, is flawed in that it assumes that the scores obtained are reflective of an underlying unitary mechanism. As an example, two individuals could arrive at a similar score via distinctly different processes that are dependent on distinctly different neural structures and/or pathways. The inherent loss of data that occurs by focusing on...

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Further Readings

  1. Delis, D. C., Kaplan, E., & Kramer, J. H. (2001). Delis-Kaplan executive function system. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  2. Kaplan, E. (1988). A process approach to neuropsychological assessment. In T. Boll & B. K. Bryant (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology and brain function: Research, measurement, and practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  3. Kaplan, E. (1990). The process approach to neuropsychological assessment of psychiatric patients. Journal of Neuropsychiatry, 2, 72–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Korkman, M., Kirk, U., & Kemp, S. L. (2007). NEPSY II. Administrative manual. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  5. Loring, D. W. (1999). INS dictionary of neuropsychology. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Luria, A. R. (1966). Higher cortical function in man. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  7. Milberg, W. P., Hebben, N., & Kaplan, E. (1986). The Boston process approach. In I. Grant & K. M. Adams (Eds.), Neuropsychological assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). A compendium of neuropsychological tests: Administration, norms, and commentary (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Psychological Assessment, P. C.SmithtownUSA