Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hydroxyzine

  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1663

Generic Name

Hydroxyzine

Brand Name

Atarax, and Vistaril

Class

Antihistamine

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Blocks histamine type I receptors.

Indication

Anxiety, anxiety produced by organic states, pruritus (itching), premedication sedation, sedation following surgery, anxious withdrawal from medication, delirium tremens, and nausea/vomiting.

Off-Label Use

Insomnia.

Side Effects

Anticholinergic, drowsiness, involuntary motor activity, headache, hallucinations, and pruritus.

Serious

Convulsions and cardiac arrest (both rare), bronchodilation, and respirator depression.

Common

Dry mouth, sedation, and tremor.

References and Readings

  1. Physicians’ Desk Reference (62nd ed.). (2007). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.epocrates.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  2. 2.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA