Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Cristy Akins
  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1662

Generic Name


Brand Name



Conventional antipsychotic

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Blocks dopamine 2 receptors.


Psychotic disorders, Tourette’s syndrome (tics and vocal utterances), severe behavior problems, hyperactivity, and schizophrenia.

Off-Label Use

Bipolar disorder, behavioral disturbances related to dementia.

Side Effects

Anticholinergic effects, sedation, weight gain, erectile dysfunction, and oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea.


Agranulocytosis, seizures, leucopenia, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome.


Akathisia, neuroleptic-induced deficit syndrome, extrapyramidal symptoms, galactorrhea, amenorrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, weight gain, and hypotension.

References and Readings

  1. Physicians’ Desk Reference (62nd ed.). (2007). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.epocrates.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mercy Family CenterMetarieUSA
  2. 2.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA