Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Dexmethylphenidate

  • Cristy Akins
  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1648

Generic Name

Dexmethylphenidate

Brand Name

Focalin, Focalin XR

Class

ADHD agents; stimulants

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Dexmethylphenidate facilitates the release and blocks the reuptake of both norepinephrine and dopamine.

Indication

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Off-Label Use

Narcolepsy and depression (treatment-resistant).

Side Effects

Serious

Psychotic episodes, seizures, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, hypomania, mania, and possible suicidal ideation.

Common

Insomnia, irritability, tremor, anxiety, and tics (exacerbation, dizziness, anorexia, blurred vision).

References and Reading

  1. Physicians’ Desk Reference (71st ed.). (2017). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.epocrates.com.
  2. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.medscape.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mercy Family CenterMetarieUSA
  2. 2.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA