Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Applied Behavior Analysis

  • Michael J. HartmanEmail author
  • Tiffany Kodak
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1610

Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a science in which principles of behavior are applied to problems of social importance (Cooper et al. 2007). Behavior analysts seek to predict and control behavior, and they are interested in analyzing and identifying environmental events surrounding behavior. Several categories of environmental events are important in the prediction and control of a given behavior. These include: (a) the broader environmental context in which behavior occurs (e.g., employees behave differently while in the workplace than at a holiday party), (b) motivational variables (e.g., asking for a glass of water is more likely to occur following a strenuous workout), (c) events that correlate with the availability of consequences for a response (e.g., turning the handle on a doorknob and pulling the door open will be successful if the deadbolt is unlocked), and (d) the consequence(s) of a response (e.g., touching a hot stove may...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA