Childhood Autism Rating Scales
The Childhood Autism Rating Scale, Second Edition (CARS2) is 15-item observation-based rating system designed to assist in diagnostic assessment and intervention for autism spectrum disorders (Schopler et al. 2010). Two observational rating forms are available including the CARS2-ST (Standard Version) and the CARS2-HF (High Functioning). The content of the CARS2-ST remains unchanged from that of the original CARS, published in 1988, and continues to be used with children aged 6 and older. The CARS2-HF was developed as an alternative measure to differentiate higher-functioning and verbally fluent (estimated overall IQ scores ≥80) individuals with autism spectrum disorders from comorbid concerns (Schopler et al. 2010). The CARS2 measures 15 core deficit behaviors associated with autism spectrum disorders including social-emotional understanding, expression and regulation of emotion, relationship to people, imitation, body use, object use, adaptation to change, visual...
References and Readings
- Dawkins, T., Meyer, A., & Van Bourgondien, M. (2016). The relationship between the childhood autism rating scale: Second edition and clinical diagnosis utilizing the DSM-IV-TR and the DSM-V. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46, 3361–3368. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2860-z.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Mayes, S. D., Calhoun, S. L., Murray, M. J., Pearl, A., Black, A., & Tierney, C. D. (2014). Research and autism spectrum disorders final DSM-5 under – Identifies mild autism spectrum disorder: Agreement between the DSM-5, CARS, CASD, and clinical diagnoses. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8, 68–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Moulton, E., Bradbury, K., Barton, M., & Fein, D. (2016). Factor analysis of the childhood autism rating scale in a sample of two year olds with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–14.Google Scholar
- Schopler, E., Van Bourgondien, M., Wellman, G., & Love, S. (2010). Childhood autism rating scale-second edition (CARS2): Manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar