Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Childhood Autism Rating Scales

  • John ParkhurstEmail author
  • Jacqueline M. Kawa
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1530


The Childhood Autism Rating Scale, Second Edition (CARS2) is 15-item observation-based rating system designed to assist in diagnostic assessment and intervention for autism spectrum disorders (Schopler et al. 2010). Two observational rating forms are available including the CARS2-ST (Standard Version) and the CARS2-HF (High Functioning). The content of the CARS2-ST remains unchanged from that of the original CARS, published in 1988, and continues to be used with children aged 6 and older. The CARS2-HF was developed as an alternative measure to differentiate higher-functioning and verbally fluent (estimated overall IQ scores ≥80) individuals with autism spectrum disorders from comorbid concerns (Schopler et al. 2010). The CARS2 measures 15 core deficit behaviors associated with autism spectrum disorders including social-emotional understanding, expression and regulation of emotion, relationship to people, imitation, body use, object use, adaptation to change, visual...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin Medical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Children’s Hospital of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA