Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Cerebral Palsy

  • Kathleen K. M. DeidrickEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1528

Synonyms

Static encephalopathy

Short Description or Definition

As defined by the International Workshop on the Definition and Classification of Cerebral Palsy, Cerebral Palsy (CP) is: “a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, communication, and behavior, by epilepsy, and by secondary musculoskeletal problems” (Rosenbaum et al. 2007).

Categorization

Classification schemes are critical to providers attempting to describe the disorder, measure change in function, and provide prognostic information (Rosenbaum et al. 2007). Historically, classification has focused on two features: (a) tone and (b) body part involvement (Menkes and Sarnat 2000). See Table 1for a summary. Spastic forms of CP are more common, with...
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Further Reading

  1. Accardo, P. J., & Hoon, A. H., Jr. (2008). The challenge of cerebral palsy classification: The ELGAN study. Journal of Pediatrics, 153, 451–452.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Berninger, V. A. (2004). Understanding the “Graphia” in developmental dysgraphia. In D. Dewey & D. E. Tupper (Eds.), Developmental motor disorders: A neuropsychological perspective (pp. 328–350). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Berrin, S. J., Malcarne, V. L., Varni, J. W., Burwinkle, T. M., Sherman, S. A., Artavia, K., & Chambers, H. G. (2007). Pain, fatigue, and school functioning in children with cerebral palsy: A path-analyticmodel. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32(3), 330–337.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsl017.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  6. Clark, S. L., & Hankins, G. D. V. (2003). Temporal and demographic trends in cerebral palsy – Fact and fiction. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 188(3), 628–633.  https://doi.org/10.1067/mob.2003.204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuro- and Behavioral PsychologySt. Luke’s Children’s HospitalBoiseUSA