Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule

  • So Hyun KimEmail author
  • Catherine Lord
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1520




The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS; Lord et al. 2001) is a semistructured, standardized assessment of communication, social interaction, and play or imaginative use of materials for individuals who have been referred because of possible autism spectrum disorders (ASD). As part of the schedule, planned social occasions, referred to as “presses” (Lord et al. 1989), are created in which a range of social initiations and responses is likely to appear. In the same way, communication opportunities are designed to elicit a range of interchanges. Play situations are included to allow observation of a range of imaginative activities and social role-play. A variety of structured activities and materials, and less structured interactions, provide standard contexts within the ADOS in which the social, communicative, and other behaviors relevant to the understanding of ASD are observed.

The previous version of the ADOS-Generic consisted of four Modules...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1993). Options book for DSM-IV. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. DiLavore, P., Lord, C., & Rutter, M. (1995). Pre-linguistic autism diagnostic observation schedule (PL-ADOS). Journal of Austism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 355–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Esler, A. N., Bal, V. H., Guthrie, W., Wetherby, A., Weismer, S. E., & Lord, C. (2015). The autism diagnostic observation schedule, toddler module: Standardized severity scores. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–17.Google Scholar
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  10. Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2001). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  12. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., Risi, S., Gotham, K., & Bishop, S. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule–2nd edition (ADOS-2). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  13. World Health Organization. (1992). The ICD-IO classification of mental and behavioral disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yale Child Study Center, Yale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Center for Autism and the Developing BrainNew York-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester DivisionWhite PlainsUSA