Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Kevin M. AntshelEmail author
  • Russell A. Barkley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1513


ADD; ADHD; ADHD, combined; ADHD, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type; ADHD, predominantly inattentive type; Attention deficit disorder; Hyperkinetic disorder

Short Description or Definition

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity, which most often arise in early to middle childhood, result in functional impairment across multiple domains of daily life activities, and remain relatively persistent over time.


DSM-5 defines three ADHD presentations: predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I), predominantly hyperactive/impulsive (ADHD-H/I), and combined (ADHD-C). ADHD-C is the most prevalent subtype in clinically referred samples yet the true population prevalence of ADHD-C and ADHD-I is likely comparable, each accounting for roughly half of the ADHD cases (Wilcutt 2012). ADHD-H/I is less common, is most often observed in preschool and early elementary...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Treatment Center for Children and Virginia Commonwealth University Medical CenterRichmondUSA