Reading fluency refers to a child’s ability to accurately and automatically read connected text. The National Reading Panel report defines reading fluency as “the ability to read text quickly, accurately, and with proper expression (p. 3–5). Similarly, Pikulski and Chard (2005) proposed that reading fluency refers to “rapid, efficient, accurate word recognition skills that permit to construct the meaning of text” (p. 511). A fluent reader decodes words automatically and therefore is able to devote attention and cognitive resources to the understanding of text. The essence of reading fluency is the ability to decode and comprehend the text spontaneously. The indicators of reading fluency include accuracy of word recognition, reading speed, the ability to read with expression, etc. However, those indicators only reflect reading fluency, which cannot be considered as reading fluency itself (Rasinski et al. 2012). Reading fluency is an essential skill for...
References and Readings
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