Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Manual Strength

  • B. Makofske
  • Elizabeth PowerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1461

Synonyms

Grip strength; Hand strength

Definition

Manual strength is the force exerted when gripping or grasping an object. Hand strength is measured using a hand dynamometer to determine strength and intensity of voluntary grip movements of the right and left hands. Understanding of manual strength can provide useful information regarding increases or declines in functioning, as well as everyday abilities such as dressing and feeding oneself. A measurement of grip strength can serve as a useful screening tool of one’s overall health, as weakness is a sign of frailty. Hand strength can also be used as a general indicator of the cohesiveness of the central nervous system. Mild peripheral brain injuries may impair manual strength even after other symptoms, such as pain and numbness, have subsided. Increasing an individual’s manual strength can be used to rehabilitate the impairment of functionality and at times is used during post-trauma rehabilitation. Exercising the hands can strengthen...

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References and Readings

  1. Bohannon, R. W. (2008). Hand-grip dynamometry predicts future outcomes in aging adults. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 31(1), 3–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Dean, R. S., & Woodcock, R. W. (2003). Dean-woodcock neuropsychological battery. Itasca: Riverside.Google Scholar
  3. Reitan, R. M. (1993). The Halsted-Reitan neuropsychological test battery. Tucson: Neuropsychology Press.Google Scholar
  4. Roberts, H. C., Denison, H. J., Martin, H. J., Patel, H. P., Syddall, H., Cooper, C., & Sayer, A. A. (2011). A review of the measurement of grip strength in clinical and epidemiological studies: Towards a standardised approach. Age and Ageing, 40(4), 423–429.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Strauss, E., Spreen, O., & Sherman, E. (2006). A compendium of neurological tests: Administration, norms and commentary. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Legal Psychology (Psychology and Law), Neuropsychology, Clinical PsychologyChicago School of Professional PsychologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.The College of Saint RoseAlbanyUSA