Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Individual Education Program

  • Shelley PelletierEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1457


An individualized education program (IEP) is a formal written document, developed by an educational team, to address the unique learning needs of a child who has been found eligible to receive special education services. The plan documents the services and supports necessary for the child to receive a free and appropriate public education. The plan is developed by a team that comprises parents, teachers, related service professionals, school administrators, and students (when appropriate). Other participants, such as advocates, attorneys, outside therapists, or other individuals providing support for the parent or child, may also attend the meeting. Federal law specifically requires that the following individuals are in attendance: the child’s parent(s) or guardian, a special education teacher, at least one regular education teacher, a person who can interpret the educational implications of evaluation results, and a representative of the school district who has the ability...

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References and Readings

  1. Allinder, R. M. (1994). The relationship between efficacy and the instructional practices of special education teachers and consultants. Teacher Education and Special Education, 17(2), 86–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carlberg, C., & Kavale, K. (1980). The efficacy of special versus regular class placement for exceptional children: A meta-analysis. The Journal of Special Education, 14(3), 295–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Siegel, L. M. (2014). The complete IEP guide: How to advocate for your special needs child (8th ed.). Berkeley: NOLO Press.Google Scholar
  4. Wright, P. W. D., Wright, P. D., & O’Connor, S. W. (2010). Wrightslaw: All about IEPs. Hartfield: Harbor House Law Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Board Certified in School PsychologyShoreline Pediatric Neuropsychology Services, LLCOld SaybrookUSA